The history of the hotel industry goes far back into antiquity. Already in ancient Rome there were accommodations for travellers known as tabernae. However, these only offered practical facilities and were often unhygienic.
In the Middle Ages, pilgrims' hostels were built along the pilgrimage routes to Rome or Santiago de Compostela. These were often run by religious institutions and offered pilgrims basic accommodation and meals.
In the 18th century, the modern hotel industry led the way as more and more people travelled and the demand for comfortable accommodation increased. A significant event was the opening of the first modern hotel, the City Hotel in New York, in 1794.
The 19th century saw the opening of numerous luxurious hotels aimed at wealthy travellers. Among the most famous are the Ritz in Paris, the Savoy in London and the Waldorf Astoria in New York.
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